Hair Transplantation by FUE Method
It is performed after administering local anesthesia to the patient. After preparing the region for the procedure, where the hair will be transplanted, the selected hair follicles are extracted one by one. Hair follicles are harvested using the FUE motor with punches smaller than 1 mm (0.6 mm-0.8 mm). The harvested follicles (grafts) will contain 2-3 hair strands. It is critical to prevent injury to the hair follicles. Since thousands of hair follicles will be extracted from the donor area during the hair transplantation, the diameter of the punches is critical for the healing process.
After extracting all of the selected hair follicles, the stripping and then the implantation processes follow. The implantation process requires opening puncture holes meticulously. This process demands precision and experience as much as the hair follicle extraction does.
Recently, the lateral slit method have been introduced for grooving instead of punching. Incisions are made in the lateral slit method depending on the type of the hair architecture; creating grooves, which conform to the diameter and length of the hair follicles. Grooves, which are created precisely having the correct diameter and depth, play a critical role because they will affect the growth rate of implanted hair follicles.
Another important issue is the angle of the groove, where the hair follicle will be transferred. The variety of angles of hair exit from the skin is the most critical factor to achieve a natural appearance; therefore, care should be exercised to implant the hair at different angles around the entire scalp. Otherwise, the hair will not look like what has been opted for. Another factor for capturing a natural appearance is to opt for the correct definition of the hairline. The forehead and the margin of the scalp should be precisely designed to conform to the correct proportions.
How should be the care after the procedure?
On the first day after the operation, the area of intervention is checked out and then washed after 48 hours. The implanted hair follicles will grow in 2-3 weeks but hair loss will occur later. This is a temporary process. After several weeks of resting period, the hair will start growing again. The hair processes will come to normal after the 6th month. Hair in some areas of the scalp may need a longer time to achieve this condition.